Factors affecting ionizing radiation phytosanitary treatments, and implications for research and generic treatments. Macadamia nutborer cryptophlebia ombrodelta larvae penetrate to the forming kernel of young nuts and develop in the husk after shell hardening. Cryptophlebia ombrodelta, the litchi fruit moth or macadamia nut borer, is a moth of the family. Organic macadamia growing nsw department of primary industries. They are also pests of approximately a dozen other tropical and subtropical horticultural crops, and minor pests of many more. Free biology 2e textbook available for download openstax. The pheromone of the macadamia nut borer, cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower, was. Catch in a robinson mercury vapour light trap was related to crop damage. Postharvest biology and technology of litchi fruit yueming jiang 1,4, lihu yao 2 amon, lichter 3 and jianrong li 4 1south china institute of botany, chinese academy of sciences, guangzhou reyiju 510650, peoples republic of china. This page was last edited on 27 august 2019, at 06.
Suction traps used in one orchard caught sufficient. Read parasites of cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower lepidop. Females lay eggs on the fruits or pods of the host plant. Pupation occurs in the fruit or pod or in the ground. Biology 2e is designed to cover the scope and sequence requirements. Macadamia diseases and pests, description, uses, propagation. Improved twocomponent blend of the synthetic female sex pheromone of cryptophlebia leucotreta, and identification of an attractant for c. Crops with typically moderate to high levels of mnb which are sprayed once or more each season will benefit the most from releases of trichogramma compared to crops where mnb only occasionally require spraying in a typical season. Biology of the macadamia nut borer cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower. Bell moths tortricidae of sw australia inaturalist. The genus includes several notorious pests of fruit and nuts including the koa seedworm cryptophlebia illepida butler and the macadamia or litchi nutborer cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower. Industry and investment nsw southern cross university forum. Cryptophlebia ombrodelta, the litchi fruit moth or macadamia nut borer, is a moth of the family tortricidae.
Macadamia nutborer cryptophlebia ombrodelta damages lychee, logan, macadamia and many ornamentals. For organic macadamia growing, it is beneficial to. This species has a cosmopolitan distribution and infests a wide variety of dried stored fruit. Thaumatotibia leucotreta an overview sciencedirect topics. Host records for tortricidae lepidoptera reared from seeds and.
Macadamia plants naturally have multiple stems but are trained to a central leader system single. Host plants encompass numerous species in about 15 fruit and nutbearing families, with a preponderance of fabaceae. Development is continuous and adults are present yearround. Cultivated macadamia is a derivative of the subtropical species macadamia integrifoia and macadamia tetraphylla and their hybrids. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Coreidae, are major economic pests of macadamia nuts in australia.
Larvae of the macadamia nutborer cryptophlebia ombrodelta. Thaumatotibia cryptophlebia leucotreta meyrick tortricidae the false codling moth thaumatotibia leucotreta meyrick is a key pest of citrus, stone fruit, and other crops in many countries in subsaharan africa carpenter et al. Lychee erinose mite aceria litchii is a serious pest of lychee foliage, flowers and fruit. The insect ecology and behavior laboratory is located at the tree fruit research and extension center here in wenatchee, wa. Pest biology and ecology importance of timing treatments, monitoring. The species was first described by oswald bertram lower in 1898. Note on the eucosmid olethreutid moth cryptophlebia. Automeris zozine druce is a silk moth in the family saturniidae whose larvae typically defoliate plants in the fagaceae, fabaceae, and anacardiaceae families, but little is known about other host plants. Biology of macadamia nut borer cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower 1974 record of. The integrated taxonomic information system itis provides authoritative taxonomic information on cryptophlebia ombrodelta, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of north america and the world. Ptinidae books, maps, paper uganda caulophilus oryzae. Whether youve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. For updated information please call 25 23 or visit the website edi.
Viruses free fulltext the cryptophlebia leucotreta. Suitability of lychee fruits on and off the tree for. Cryptophlebia ombrodelta macadamia nut borer cryptophlebia sp starfruit borer diacrotricha fasciola. Control can be achieved with a strict program of suitable miticides. Cryptophlebia ombrodelta is an important pest of macadamia, litchi, and longan fruit in asia, australia, and hawaii. Macadamia integrifolia maiden and betche proteaceae, a. The commercial pheromone lure orfamone ii, containing cis. The false codling moth, cryptophlebia leucotreta meyr. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Read trapping adult macadamia nut borer, cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower lepidoptera.
Thomas, in postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits. Eight types of trap were tested for cryptophlebia ombrodelta, the macadamia nut borer. Ironsidebiology of the macadamia nut borer cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower. The larvae often bore into fruits, galls or twigs of various host plants, mainly leguminosae. Agworld and greenbook do not provide any guarantee or assurance that the information obtained through this service is accurate, current or correct, and are therefore not liable for any loss resulting, directly or indirectly, from reliance upon this service. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books youve read. Newton pj, thomas cd, mastro vc, schwalbe cp, 1993. Some documents posted on the hear website are in adobe acrobat pdf format.
Sex pheromones and the behavioral biology of the coniferophagous choristoneura. In the last 15 years, extensive work on the cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus crlegv has been conducted in south africa, initially in the laboratory, but subsequently also in the field. Tortricidae in southeast queensland, austral entomology on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Trapping adult macadamia nut borer, cryptophlebia ombrodelta. If trap numbers within a given area are to be limited by practical considerations then they should be placed near the top of the canopy rather than lower down. A polyphagous species, cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower, also. It also occurs in thailand, china, japan, taiwan province of china and australia, but only in the latter area is it regarded as a significant pest. Host records for tortricidae lepidoptera reared from. This publication has been reprinted as a digital book without any changes to the content published in 2003. A olethreutini, cryptophlebia rhynchias meyrick grapholitini, cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower, cryptophlebia sp. Control many be manages by biological and chemical methods. Threat identification and pathway analysis submitted by. The material and content contained in the greenbook label database is for general use information only. Development of a pheromonebased monitoring system for the.
All attempts were made to provide you with a link to the online article, the pdf download link, or both. The pheromone of the macadamia nut borer, cryptophlebia ombrodelta lower, was evaluated for its suitability as a monitoring tool. We documented the species defoliating macadamia integrifolia maiden and betche proteaceae associated with a plantation of coffee coffea spp. Featured movies all video latest this just in prelinger archives democracy now. Review of cryptophlebia walsingham, 1900 semantic scholar. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in floridas natural areas. Welcome to the insect ecology washington state university. Cryptophlebia is a genus of moths belonging to the subfamily olethreutinae of the family tortricidae. Text is available under the creative commons attributionsharealike license.
Cryptophlebia ombrodelta tortricidae hear species info. Cryptophlebia includes mediumsized to large moths typically with a subtriangular pretornal patch on the forewing. Az list of horticultural insect pests department of. Organic macadamia growing department of primary industries. Eight types of trap were tested for cryptophlebia ombrodelta, the macadamia nut. Although this pest is presently restricted to this region and adjacent islands of africa and israel, it is considered to have a high probability of establishment if the pest were introduced into a suitable tropical or subtropical climates due to its wide range of possible. Tortricidae, austral entomology on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Thaumatotibia cryptophlebia leucotreta meyrick tortricidae the false codling moth thaumatotibia leucotreta meyrick is native to subsaharan africa and a key pest of citrus and stone fruits. This culminated in the registration of the first crlegvbased biopesticide in 2004 hence, the 10 years of commercial use in the field and the second one three years later. Macadamia trees belong to the genus macadamia which contains four species of tree or shrub in the family proteaceae which are grown for their edible seeds nuts. Cryptophlebia peltastica meyrick, 1921 original combination. The first objective was to establish a correlation between the number of males recovered from pheromone traps and oviposition.772 1019 162 487 1008 136 1391 76 1220 141 208 80 550 198 1225 206 373 1180 86 552 526 129 1514 890 247 955 126 645 465 1075 517 283 908 1142 852 850 881 1362 206 477 975